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14 noviembre 2014 5 14 /11 /noviembre /2014 20:08
The “Parks” opening plenary hosted a panel discussion on the future priorities for protected areas, Nov. 12, 2014 (Photo courtesy Earth Negotiations Bulletin)
The “Parks” opening plenary hosted a panel discussion on the future priorities for protected areas, Nov. 12, 2014 (Photo courtesy Earth Negotiations Bulletin)
La nueva Lista Verde de Áreas Protegidas de la UICN
Congreso Mundial de Parques 2014
Sierra Nevada de Andalucía entra en la nueva Lista Verde de Áreas Protegidas
La Unión Internacional para la Conservación de la Naturaleza (UICN) ha presentado hoy 14 de noviembre en Sídney (Australia) la Lista Verde de Áreas Protegidas que recoge por primera vez los espacios naturales mejor gestionados del mundo. En total son 23 parques naturales entre los que se incluyen el Parque Nacional de Sierra Nevada, y a principios de 2015, el Parque Nacional de Doñana.
SINC | | 14 noviembre 2014
Entre los parques naturales seleccionados destaca el Parque Nacional de Arakwal en Australia, elegido por su compromiso con las poblaciones locales. Desde su creación en 2001, más de 65 voluntarios aborígenes se aseguran diariamente de informar a los turistas sobre la importancia de los valores naturales y culturales del área de Conservación del Estado de Cape Byron.
La Reserva Marina Natural de Cerbère-Banyuls es otro ejemplo de buena praxis ya que ha logrado la recuperación de especies marinas y de sus hábitats desde su creación en 1974. Además, un safari marino guiado que ofrece el área natural es muy popular entre los visitantes.
China es el país que más áreas protegidas comprende en la Lista Verde. En total, seis espacios protegidos, entre los que destaca la Reserva Natural Nacional de Tangjiahe, el hogar de la próspera población de osos panda gigantes.
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Australia, Corea del Sur, China, Italia, Francia, España, Kenia y Colombia son los primeros países en ser incluidos en la Lista Verde de Áreas Protegidas, una iniciativa promovida por la UICN y que recogerá a partir de ahora los espacios naturales que cumplan los estándares de buena gestión y conservación.
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En su presentación oficial, anunciada hoy en Sídney (Australia) en el contexto del Congreso Mundial de Parques 2014, la Lista Verde presenta 23 lugares –seleccionados entre 50 candidaturas– entre los que destaca el Parque Nacional de Sierra Nevada (Andalucía). Según la UICN, el parque español ha logrado entrar en la lista al equilibrar la conservación de un ecosistema frágil de montaña con una herencia cultural valiosa. A ello se suma una dinámica industria turística en la zona.
Por otra parte, la Lista Verde ampliará su proceso de selección a principios de 2015 y en él incluirá el Parque Nacional de Doñana como un caso de excelencia en la gestión de humedales y valores culturales. El parque español equilibra la conservación de un ecosistema frágil de montaña con una herencia cultural valiosa
“La Lista Verde permitirá asegurar que las áreas protegidas tienen impactos reales de conservación que benefician a las personas, la economía y el medio ambiente”, ha asegurado durante su presentación James Hardcastle, director de la Lista Verde de Áreas Protegidas de la UICN.
Hacia espacios más eficaces
El objetivo de la UICN es reconocer de manera internacional y promover la excelencia en la gestión de los espacios naturales del planeta. Entre los criterios de selección se han tenido en cuenta la gestión eficaz, el reparto justo y transparente de los costes y beneficios de la conservación, y los resultados a largo plazo.
“La Lista Verde funcionará como un potente estímulo, inspirando a las áreas protegidas a cumplir los estándares y convertirse en ejemplos brillantes de las mejores prácticas mundiales”, ha asegurado Trevor Sandwith, director del Programa Global de Áreas Protegidas de la UICN, encargado de supervisar la iniciativa junto a la Comisión Mundial de Áreas Protegidas.
La iniciativa ayudará además a aumentar el apoyo político en cada área, así como mejorar la calidad del turismo dentro del parque. Los lugares elegidos se comprometen de esta manera a mejorar de forma continua para seguir cumpliendo los criterios establecidos por la organización internacional
En los próximos meses, México, Croacia y algunos países del norte de África y Micronesia será los próximos en ser incluidos en la Lista Verde.
IUCN Debuts Green List of Protected Areas at World Parks ...

ens-newswire.com/.../iucn-debuts-green-list-of-prote...

hace 3 horas - SYDNEY, Australia, November 14, 2014 (ENS) – The IUCN's Green List of Protected Areas was introduced to the world today at the IUCN .

Celebrations mark the 10th anniversary of the Arakwal people of Byron Bay’s formal recognition of their rights to land at Cape Byron, achieved through an Indigenous Land Use Agreement, the first of its kind in Australia, Jan. 1, 1980 (Photo by Arakwal, people and land)

Celebrations mark the 10th anniversary of the Arakwal people of Byron Bay’s formal recognition of their rights to land at Cape Byron, achieved through an Indigenous Land Use Agreement, the first of its kind in Australia, Jan. 1, 1980 (Photo by Arakwal, people and land)

Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo in Australia’s Arakwal National Park (Photo by Environment & Heritage New South Wales)
Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoo in Australia’s Arakwal National Park (Photo by Environment & Heritage New South Wales)

http://ens-newswire.com/2014/11/14/iucn-debuts-green-list-of-protected-areas-at-world-parks-congress/

SYDNEY, Australia, November 14, 2014 (ENS) – The IUCN’s Green List of Protected Areas was introduced to the world today at the IUCN World Parks Congress 2014 in Sydney. Held once every 10 years by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, the World Parks Congress gathers thousands of delegates from around the world to strategize on protection of the planet’s vanishing pristine areas.

Protected areas in Australia, South Korea, China, Italy, France, Spain, Kenya and Colombia were unveiled as the first to be listed at the official announcement as part of the innovative Green List of Protected Areas project developed by the IUCN.

The Green List of Protected Areas is the only global standard of good practice for protected areas and it aims to recognise and promote success in managing some of the most valuable natural areas on the planet.

The first 23 successful sites have been selected among 50 candidates put forward by the eight countries as part of the first phase of the Green List.

“The IUCN Green List will define success for protected areas,” said Julia Marton-Lefèvre, IUCN Director General at the launch. “It is about recognizing those sites that successfully respond to the challenges of the 21st century and contribute to the wellbeing of people and nature.

“The sites have been evaluated against a set of demanding criteria, including the quality of protection of natural values. They should demonstrate fair and transparent sharing of the costs and benefits of conservation, effective management and long-lasting conservation outcomes. These criteria are tailored and measured according to the challenges and opportunities faced in each country,” said Marton-Lefèvre.

“The ‘Protected Planet’ report launched yesterday in Sydney revealed that much more needs to be done to improve the quality of governance and management of global protected areas,” said James Hardcastle, manager of the IUCN Green List of Protected Areas.

“The Green List will help the global protected area community ensure that protected areas have real conservation impacts that benefit people, economy and the environment,” he said.

In Australia, three reserves managed by the National Parks and Wildlife Service have been accepted to the IUCN Green List: Arakwal National Park, Cape Byron State Conservation Area, and Montague Island Nature Reserve.

“One of the successful candidates, the Cape Byron State Conservation Area/Arakwal National Park in Australia, has been ‘green listed’ for its engagement with the local community. The Aboriginal Arakwal traditional owners were instrumental in establishing the National Park in 2001 and are fully involved in its daily management,” said Hardcastle.

In Kenya’s Ol Pejeta Conservancy, pastoral ranching is allowed within the protected area. Its management runs a community cattle ranching programme providing monitoring, protection and livestock health services, ensuring protection for both wildlife and cattle and a safe haven and rich pastures for local herders.

In France, the Cerbère-Banyuls Natural Marine Reserve has seen a successful recovery of marine species and habitats since it was established to protect fragile marine habitats in 1974. A guided underwater educational safari is one of the most popular visitor drawcards on this stretch of the Côte Vermeille, at the foothills of the Pyrenees.

In China, six flagship protected areas have achieved the IUCN Green List standard, including the Mount Huangshan World Heritage Area, the Tangjiahe National Nature Reserve – home to a thriving population of giant panda – and the Eastern Dongting Lake National Nature Reserve.

In Spain, the management of Sierra Nevada National Park successfully balances the conservation of a fragile montane ecosystem and rich cultural heritage with a dynamic tourism industry.

Another green-listed site, the Gorgona National Park in Colombia, protects an outstanding example of the country’s rich marine and coastal biodiversity, with a collaborative management system in place that engages local fishers in nature conservation.

Julia Miranda, director of National Parks of Colombia, said, “The IUCN Green List of Protected Areas will set the benchmark for success in Colombia and hopefully for the whole region. We will use the standard to motivate our staff and managers but also to encourage our government, business and community partners to work with us to help achieve success to the benefit of all.”

The “Protected Planet” report released by the UN Environment Programme at the Congress finds that the world is on track to meet a 2020 target on the expansion of protected areas, but more work is needed to ensure areas of importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services are prioritized for protection under equitably managed conditions.

“Protected areas not only provide us with a vital ecological safety net but also play a vital economic role through the valuable ecosystem services they provide, from supplying water and timber, to sustaining tourism,” said UN Under-Secretary-General and UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner.

“As we work toward a comprehensive climate agreement, with the next meeting shortly taking place in Lima, and shape the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, it is crucial to expand protected areas in a targeted manner-thus supporting efforts to tackle climate change, and protecting biodiversity and the ecosystem services that sustain all of us,” said Steiner.

“This report shows that the will to do so is present,” he said. “We now need to build support and funding to ensure protected areas are effectively and equitably managed and cover enough important sites for biodiversity and ecosystem services-including marine protected areas.”

On Friday morning, participants attended three introductory plenaries on the thematic areas of the Congress: parks, people and planet.

Participants then attended the opening sessions of the eight streams on: reaching conservation goals; responding to climate change; improving health and well-being; supporting human life; reconciling development challenges; enhancing diversity and quality of governance; respecting indigenous and traditional knowledge and culture; and inspiring a new generation.

In the evening the World Leaders’ Dialogue focused on money matters and the value of parks.

Conservationists gathered at the IUCN 2014 World Parks Congress need to “think big and act fast” in the effort to maintain and expand protected areas that safeguard wildlife, ecosystems, and the services they provide to animals and people alike, Dr. James Watson of the Wildlife Conservation Society told the delegates.

WCS manages all of New York City’s zoos and aquaria and conducts research and conservation initiatives around the world. Watson, director of WCS’s Climate Change Program, outlined the successes, challenges, and need for a larger conservation vision for the world’s protected area networks in his keynote address for the Opening Parallel Plenary of the Congress’s Parks session.

“We are in the midst of a one-in-a-hundred-million-year extinction crisis, we are causing it, and while we are trying, things are getting worse by the year,” warned Watson.

“We need social, financial, and political buy-in,” he said, “and, at the very least, the various levels of government and industry to be neutral to conservation, and at best actively supporting conservation.”

Copyright Environment News Service (ENS) 2014. All rights reserved.

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