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20 marzo 2015 5 20 /03 /marzo /2015 17:11

King Menes built Memphis on the Nile's flood plain. He constructed a gigantic dam that would divert the annual inundating floods that made the Nile delta so fertile.

 

Narmer Palette.jpg

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Narmer_Palette#/media/File:Narmer_Palette.jpg

 

Menes construyó la ciudad de los Men-nofre, o Memphis. El nombre original, Hikuptah, significa "casa del alma de Ptah." Menes construyó esta ciudad en un sitio anteriormente conocido como la Pared Blanca, situado en el centro del Reino Blanco o Reino Superior. Fue construida en el lado oeste del Nilo a unos pocos kilómetros de la actual El Cairo. Esta ciudad fue construida para aprovechar las brisas que soplaba desde el norte, desde el Mediterráneo, atemperando el clima del desierto de Egipto.

Para emplazar la ciudad exactamente donde él quería, el rey Menes construyó Memphis en la llanura de inundación del Nilo. Con el fin de tenerlo en la llanura de inundación. Para evitar los daños por las inundaciones anuales y regular las aguas, construyó una represa gigantesca que hizo el delta del Nilo muy fértil.

 

 

A mud jar sealing indicating that the contents came from the estate of the pharaoh Narmer. Originally from Tarkhan, now on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City.

 

kmt5

The ancient name for the land of the Nile was, KMT. The hieroglyphic symbols are commonly interpreted as, The Land of Black Dirt. KMT hieroglyphics should be read, left to right: a yarn winding bobbin, a half circle, Horus in the form of a hawk, and a dam. The meaning, the story of the rise of two sciences, communication, and irrigation dams.


Menes: el primer Faraón

El rey Menes es un misterio que se pierde en la noche de la historia. Es considerado por muchos estudiosos el primer faraón que gobernó Egipto y el primer faraón de la Dinastía I. También se piensa que es el faraón llamado Narmer; sin embargo, no hay evidencia definitiva de una cosa u otra. Hoy en día, todavía no está claro si estos dos nombres representan uno o dos personajes. Las fechas del reinado rey Menes también varían ampliamente, pero hay una bastante consenso en que su reinado fue entre c. 3000 aC y c. 3100 aC. Se cree que gobernó durante más de 60 años.

También objeto de debate, aunque generalmente aceptado, es el hecho de que el rey Menes logró unir el Alto Egipto y el Bajo Egipto convirtiéndose en el primer faraón de ambos reinos. Si esto es verdad, sería responsable del comienzo de la Primera Dinastía.

 

Pharaohs | Menes/Narmer - King Tut One

www.kingtutone.com/pharaohs/menes/

 

He is also thought to be the Pharaoh Narmer; however, there is no definitive ... he constructed a gigantic dam that would divert the annual inundating floods that

 

The Pharaoh and the Priest: An Historical Novel of Ancient ...

https://books.google.com/books?isbn=1613104588 -

Boleslaw Prus - 1910 - ‎Egipte

 

Menes built the city of Men-nofre, or Memphis. The original name, Hikuptah, means "home of the soul of Ptah." Menes built this city on an earlier site known as the White Wall, located in the center of the White Kingdom, or the Upper Kingdom. It was built on the west side of the Nile only a few miles from present day Cairo. This city was built here to take advantage of the northern breezes from the Mediterranean that blew across the otherwise desert land of Egypt.

In order to have the city exactly where he wanted it, King Menes built Memphis on the Nile's flood plain. In order to have it on the flood plain and still avoid the water overflow, he constructed a gigantic dam that would divert the annual inundating floods that made the Nile delta so fertile.

 

Menes the 1st Pharaoh

King Menes is shrouded in mystery that may be lost in the folds of history forever. He is considered by many scholars to be the first pharaoh to rule Egypt and the first pharaoh of the Dynasty I period. He is also thought to be the Pharaoh Narmer; however, there is no definitive evidence one way or the other. Today, it still remains unclear as to whether these two names represent one or two persons. Dates of King Menes' reign also range widely, but there is a fair amount of consensus that his reign was between c. 3000 B.C. and c. 3100 B.C. It is thought that he ruled for over 60 years.

Also under debate, but still generally accepted, is the fact that King Menes succeeded in uniting Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt making him the first pharaoh of both kingdoms. If this is true, he would be responsible for ushering in the First Dynasty.

 

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Dynasty_of_Egypt

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Dynasty_of_Egypt

 

Known rulers in the history of Egypt for the First Dynasty are as follows:

Name Dates Notes
Narmer/Menes(?) c. 32nd century (?) Mainstream opinion identifies Narmer with Menes, however a minority of scholars identify Menes with Hor-Aha.[3]
Hor-Aha starting 3080 ± 30 B.C. (p = 0.32)[4]
Djer c. 3073–3036 B.C. 41 years
Djet 3008–2975?
Merneith (mother of Den) 3008? 2946–2916 B.C.
Den 2975–2935 or 2928–2911 B.C. 19 to 50 years (40 years B.C.)
Anedjib 2916–2896 B.C. 20 years
Semerkhet 2912–2891 B.C.? 20 years
Qa'a 2906–2886 B.C.? 30 years

Information about this dynasty is derived from a few monuments and other objects bearing royal names, the most important being the Narmer palette and macehead as well as Den and Qa'a king lists.[5] No detailed records of the first two dynasties have survived, except for the terse lists on the Palermo stone. The account in Manetho's Aegyptiaca contradicts both the archeological evidence and the other historical records: Manetho names nine rulers of the First Dynasty, only one of whose names matches the other sources, and offers information for only four of them.[6] The hieroglyphs were fully developed by then, and their shapes would be used with little change for more than three thousand years.

Large tombs of pharaohs at Abydos and Naqada, in addition to cemeteries at Saqqara and Helwan near Memphis, reveal structures built largely of wood and mud bricks, with some small use of stone for walls and floors. Stone was used in quantity for the manufacture of ornaments, vessels, and occasionally, for statues. Tamarix – tamarisk, salt cedar was used to build boats such as the Abydos Boats. One of the most important indigenous woodworking techniques was the fixed Mortise and tenon joint. A fixed tenon was made by shaping the end of one timber to fit into a mortise (hole) that is cut into a second timber. A variation of this joint using a free tenon eventually became one of the most important features in Mediterranean and Egyptian shipbuilding. It creates a union between two planks or other components by inserting a separate tenon into a cavity (mortise) of the corresponding size cut into each component."[7]

 

 

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