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5 junio 2015 5 05 /06 /junio /2015 16:56

The Weld Range Web of Knowledge is a three year, federally funded, archaeological research project to investigate culturally significant archaeological sites in Wajarri country at the Weld Range, Murchison region, Western Australia.

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Excavating at Yalibirri Mindi rock shelter

Archaeology Magazine

 

http://www.atns.net.au/objects/WIA2000_001.jpg

http://www.atns.net.au/objects/WIA2000_001.jpg

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Crawley, Australia - fechados obtenidos de carbón asociado con artefactos de piedra en el abrigo rocoso Yalibirri Mindi en la región Centro-Oeste de Australia Occidental indican que los antepasados de los nativos Wajarri (Wajarri Traditional Owners) y otros grupos culturales han vivido en la zona durante 30.000 años: esto significa que el Medio Oeste de Australia se habría ocupado 20 mil años antes de lo supuesto.

"La historia de la ocupación aborigen australiana al norte, en la región de Pilbara, al sur de lugares como Devil’s Lair (La Cueva del Diablo) y la historia de la ocupación aborigen australiana al este, en el Desierto Occidental ha sido bien establecida desde hace muchos años, pero el puñado de sitios excavados en el Medio Oeste es relativamente reciente" dijo Viviene Brown, de la Universidad de Australia Occidental, en un comunicado de prensa. "Este nuevo fechado radiocarbónico del refugio rocoso Yalibirri Mindi hace reconsiderar la ocupación regional, la empuja atrás en el tiempo unos 20.000 años y es de enorme importancia para la comunidad arqueológica", añadió.

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La ocupación tan remota de la región Centro-Oeste de Australia Occidental, desde hace 30,000 años, como lo evidencia el nuevo fechado radiocarbónico del refugio rocoso Yalibirri Mindi, se explicaría por la explotación del impresionante ocre rojo que encierra la región: la mina Wilgie Mia, conocida por los nativos de habla Wajarri como Thuwarri Thaa (el lugar del ocre rojo), se encuentra en las montañosas Weld Ranges. Es la más grande y profunda mina de ocre aborigen subterránea en Australia aún en explotación y quizá la más antigua operación minera del mundo. Su rico ocre rojo fue extraido por primera vez hace más de 30.000 años y todavía se utiliza en la cultura aborigen, en su arte, en sus ceremonias y prácticas para curar, a lo largo del desierto occidental y de sus periferias.

Wilgie Mia se caracteriza por grandes canteras a tajo abierto, cavernas excavadas y galerías subterráneas que siguen los estratos de ocre en rojo, amarillo y verde. Pero el ocre rojo fue el más apreciado por la gente Wajarri. El brillo lustroso y las propiedades de ‘resplandecer en la oscuridad' de este particular ocre, lo convirtieron en uno de los más buscados, utilizado durante miles de años en las ceremonias, arte rupestre y para el comercio.

El ocre de Wilgie Mia formó parte de la red de comercio más extensa de ocre registrada en Australia. El ocre era porteado a pie de tribu en tribu, de territorio en territorio, llegando a lugares tan lejanos, como a 1.600 kilómetros de distancia de su lugar de origen.

Aquellos que buscan el ocre, tenían un palito pintado con él, que era mostrado a viajeros y pobladores, dejando que la gente supiese que venían por el ocre rojo resplandeciente en la oscuridad de las Welde Range.
Se recibían como pago por esta codiciada tierra: lanzas, boomerangs y carne de canguro.
- See more at: https://www.ancient-origins.es/lugares-antiguos-australia-y-ocean/wilgie-mia-la-m-s-antigua-operaci-n-ininterrumpida-de-miner-del#sthash.gStWKHmi.dpuf

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Breakaways around the Weld Range<br>(indole, Flickr)<br /><br />

27,000 year ochre site on National Heritage List | Treaty ...

treatyrepublic.net/.../27000-year-ochre-site-national-...

7 mar. 2011 - 27,000 year ochre site on National Heritage List ... The Weld Range in Western Australia joined other iconic sites like the Great Barrier Reef, ...

ochre-australia-2.jpg

 

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CRAWLEY, AUSTRALIA—Dates obtained from charcoal associated with stone artifacts at the Yalibirri Mindi rock shelter in the Mid-West region of Western Australia indicate that the ancestors of the Wajarri Traditional Owners and other cultural groups have lived in the area for 30,000 years. “The history of Aboriginal occupation to the north in the Pilbara, south at places like Devil’s Lair and to the east in the Western Desert has been well established for many years but the handful of excavated sites in the Mid-West are all relatively young,” Viviene Brown of The University of Western Australia said in a press release. “This new date from Yalibirri Mindi rock shelter pushes regional occupation by 20,000 years and is enormously important for the archaeological community,” she added. For more on Australian archaeology, see "The Rock Art of Djulirri."

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Evidence of oldest human occupation in Mid-West discovered

Thursday, 4 June 2015

A rock shelter in the Weld Range provides evidence of the oldest human occupation in the Mid-West region of Western Australia, a research project partnered between The University of Western Australia and Wajarri Traditional Owners has discovered.

Funded by the Commonwealth Government and in collaboration with Wajarri heritage company Ethical Engagement Consultancy, the research project ‘Weld Range Web of Knowledge’ found new evidence to suggest that ancestors of Wajarri Native Title claimants have been present in the Mid-West region for more than 30,000 years.

Samples for radiocarbon dating were collected by Wajarri Traditional Owners and archaeologists from UWA during an excavation at a Weld Range Aboriginal site 50 kilometres northwest of Cue township in May last year.

The Weld Range is home to the extraordinary and national heritage listed site of Wilgie Mia Aboriginal Ochre Mine and the area's rich and diverse archaeological record has a high cultural significance to Wajarri Traditional Owners and neighbouring groups who maintain cultural links to the area.

Wajarri Elder Colin Hamlett said it was exciting to confirm that Wajarri had been living in the Mid-West for 30,000 years from charcoal associated with stone artefacts at the Yalibirri Mindi rock shelter.

UWA Archaeologist and Project Coordinator Viviene Brown said up until now the Mid-West region had been an enigma.

"The history of Aboriginal occupation to the north in the Pilbara, south at places like Devil's Lair and to the east in the Western Desert has been well established for many years but the handful of excavated sites in the Mid-West are all relatively young,” she said.

“This new date from Yalibirri Mindi rock shelter pushes regional occupation by 20,000 years and is enormously important for the archaeological community."

Ethical Engagement Consultancy Co-Director Raina Savage said she was proud to support the research which confirmed what the Traditional Owners had always known - that Weld Range has been the centre of spiritual and cultural life for Wajarri people since ancient times.

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The Weld Range Web of Knowledge archaeological research project

Since 2007, archaeologists from the University of Western Australia have been working with Wajarri Aboriginal Traditional Owners to find and record Aboriginal archaeological sites in the Weld Range, Murchison region of Western Australia. The Wajarri Traditional Owners manage their own heritage via Ethical Engagement Consultancy (www.ethicalengagement.com.au) a native title and cultural heritage management organisation, set up to represent the Weld Range Wajarri Traditional Owners and to protect and manage their cultural heritage. Now, partnering Ethical Engagement Consultancy with UWA, the federally funded Weld Range Web of Knowledge Project seeks to undertake ground-breaking cultural heritage management and research at Weld Range to assist the community in safe-guarding their heritage in the long term.
The Aboriginal archaeological sites of Weld Range include old camping grounds, foraging areas, stone tool quarries, rockshelters - many with paintings, sources of pigment, scarred trees, waterholes, engravings and a stone arrangement. Many of these places are new to science and now require further research to understand how Aboriginal people lived in this part of arid zone Australia in the past.
In 2011, the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies funded a program of excavation, rock-art recording and geochemical pigment analysis. Analyses are on-going but some of the major findings of this work are to extend the age of occupation of the Weld Range back to around 5,500 years ago and to obtain a robust geochemical trace element signature for the Nationally Heritage listed Aboriginal ochre mine sites, Wilgie Mia and Little Wilgie (work undertaken by Rachel Scadding at TSW Analytical Pty Ltd). Meanwhile, various university students have been researching projects on aspects of Weld Range Aboriginal archaeology.
The team has now received Indigenous Heritage Program funding over three years to undertake further investigation of the Wajarri Traditional Owners' most significant sites in the Range. Many of these sites will be protected whilst the area is developed for mineral resources. The project aims to see key sites registered with the Western Australian Department of Aboriginal Affairs and to provide the Wajarri Traditional Owners with a cultural heritage management plan for Aboriginal archaeological resources at Weld Range. Importantly, the project funds hands-on, archaeological heritage management experience for participating Wajarri Traditional Owners. Stay up to date with the team's progress here and let us know what you think.

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Weld Range Hillside

Map of the Weld Range showing the locations of Aboriginal archaeological sites in the Project Area<br>(antiquity.ac.uk)<br /><br />

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http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/heritage/heritage-grants-and-funding http://www.sscs.arts.uwa.edu.au/home/archaeology http://ethicalengagement.com.au/

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Evidence of oldest human occupation in Mid-West discovered

www.news.uwa.edu.au/.../evidence-oldest-human-oc...

hace 1 día - A rock shelter in the Weld Range provides evidence of the oldest ... an excavation at a Weld Range Aboriginal site 50 kilometres northwest of

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Archaeologists to reveal research into Weld Range ... - ABC

www.abc.net.au/.../archaeologists...weld-range/5897...

16 nov. 2014 - Years worth of research into a culturally significant Indigenous site in the Murchison is set to be unveiled in Geraldton.

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Mind the gap: recent results of a survey for Aboriginal

www.antiquity.ac.uk/projgall/winton325/

de V Winton - ‎2010 - ‎Citado por 2 - ‎Artículos relacionados

Map of the Weld Range showing the locations of Aboriginal archaeological sites in the Project Area. Click to enlarge. The global financial crisis of 2009 appears ...

 

National Heritage Places - Wilgie Mia Aboriginal Ochre Mine

www.environment.gov.au/heritage/places/.../wilgie-...

Western Australia Overview Wilgie Mia is the largest and deepest underground Aboriginal ochre mine in Australia, and has all the features found in traditional ...

 

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Colin Hamlett, Viviene Brown, Antje Noll and Breakaway Caves, Weld Range. Images: Vicky Winton/Ariella Rae-Cunningham

04/11/13--01:17: Traditional owners protect their own cultural treasures

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Archaeologists examining ochre

Colin Hamlett, Liam Bell and Brendan Hamlett conducting archaeological excavations at Ariella’s Quarry and Yalibri Mindi Rockshelter and range of ochre found in the Weld Range.

Image courtesy of Annie Carson

 

El montañoso Weld Range en el país Wajarri Yamatji es el emplazamiento del heritage nacional australiano donde se halla la mina Wilgie Mia, una mina no metálica aborigen de ocre. En el momento del contacto con los europeos, el ocre rojo de Wilgie Mia era intercambiado a lo largo y ancho de la  Australia Aborigen y hasta el día de hoy sigue utilizándose ceremonialmente. El significado espiritual y económico de este lugar también arrastró gente y objetos a las montañas Weld Range, conformando un rico paisaje arqueológico. Hay lugares dentro de esta ruta arqueológica de alta significación cultural y allí confluyen diversidad de elementos arqueológicos valiosos. Estos lugares Wajarri parecen formar una red de intercambio de conocimientos, y reflejan la importancia de las montañas Weld Range.

Sobre la base de la relación desarrollada entre los propietarios tradicionales Wajarri y arqueólogos de la University of Western Australia UWA a través de consultoría profesional en las Weld Range desde 2007, en 2013, al equipo se adjudicó fondos federales para documentar estos sitios extraordinarios, registrarlos con el Departamento de Asuntos Aborígenes, para seguir entrenando nativos Wajarri en los métodos y teoría arqueológicos y para sensibilizar a la población respecto al patrimonio de las montañas Weld Range. Recurriendo a la utilización de una variedad de métodos de registro en los sitios arqueológicos aparecen las conexiones entre ellos. Vicky, Carl y Viviene dan una visión general del proyecto, los lugares y temas de investigación en desarrollo.

The University of Western Australia

 

Tales from the Weld Range: A summary of Weld Range Web of Knowledge activities

Mon 17 Nov 2014

The Weld Range in Wajarri Yamatji country is home to the nationally heritage listed Wilgie Mia Aboriginal Ochre mine. At the time of European contact, the vibrant red ochre from Wilgie Mia was traded far and wide in Aboriginal Australia and continues to be used ceremonially today. The spiritual and economic significance of this place also drew people and objects to the Weld Range forming a rich archaeological landscape. There are places within this landscape where high cultural significance and a diversity of archaeological features come together. These Wajarri Places seem to form a web of knowledge bringing together, and reflecting, the importance of the Weld Range.

Building on the relationship developed between Wajarri traditional owners and UWA archaeologists through professional consultancy at Weld Range since 2007, in 2013 the collaborative team were awarded federal funding to document these extraordinary sites, register them with the Department of Aboriginal Affairs, continue Wajarri training in archaeological method and theory and raise public awareness for the Weld Range. Underlying the use of a variety of archaeological site recording methods is an exploration of the connections between places. Vicky, Carl and Viviene will give an overview of the project, the sites and research themes under investigation.

 

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