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28 octubre 2015 3 28 /10 /octubre /2015 19:36
The "Armata" Universal Combat Platform (Russian: Армата) is a Russian prototype of an advanced next generation heavy military tracked vehicle platform.
The "Armata" Universal Combat Platform (Russian: Армата) is a Russian prototype of an advanced next generation heavy military tracked vehicle platform.

¿Podría lanzarse Alemania a otra guerra de tanques contra Rusia?

Publicado: 29 jun 2015

https://actualidad.rt.com/actualidad/178855-alemania-tanques-armamento-rusia-otan

Alemania moderniza rápidamente sus vehículos blindados, mientras crece el temor a un conflicto con Rusia. ¿Está abocada Alemania a repetir los errores más oscuros del pasado?, se pregunta World Socialist Web Site.

En el Ejército alemán ha aparecido la primera plataforma armata Puma 1, informa World Socialist Web Site. Este tipo de armamento, el más caro entre los vehículos de combate de infantería, cuesta aproximadamente 8,85 millones de euros por unidad. Actualmente, el Ejército alemán planea lanzar al menos 350 de estas máquinas, lo que supondrá un desembolso de aproximadamente 3.100 millones de euros para el presupuesto del país.

La entrega de Puma 1 es sólo uno de los ejemplos de la gran campaña de modernización de la Bundeswehr, ya que en marzo el Gobierno aumentó el presupuesto de defensa a 4.000 millones de euros y desde entonces proyectos militares se suceden.

A principios de marzo el Gobierno alemán firmó un contrato con Airbus para fabricar helicópteros por valor de 8.000 millones de euros. Semanas más tarde, la Armada se completó con un submarino por valor de 500 millones de euros. A finales de mayo, el Ministerio de Defensa de Alemania anunció que desarrollabasupropio dron, así como un nuevo sistema de misilesy un acorazado que deben estar listos para 2025.

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LEA MÁS: Político estadounidense: "EE.UU. carece de poder para luchar contra Rusia"

LEA MÁS: EE.UU. confirma los planes para desplegar armas cerca de la frontera rusa

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20 April 2015 - Puma infantry fighting vehicle gets official approval for service in German army After extensive testing at the Bundeswehr (German Army) Technical services, many months of testing in extreme heat and cold abroad and several field tests by military, another milestone has now been achieved in the project IFV PUMA. The authorization for use of the Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support (BAAINBw) is granted.
20 April 2015 - Puma infantry fighting vehicle gets official approval for service in German army After extensive testing at the Bundeswehr (German Army) Technical services, many months of testing in extreme heat and cold abroad and several field tests by military, another milestone has now been achieved in the project IFV PUMA. The authorization for use of the Federal Office of Bundeswehr Equipment, Information Technology and In-Service Support (BAAINBw) is granted.

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La actualización de vehículos blindados no se centra solo en transportes blindados de personal y en vehículos de combate de infantería, subraya World Socialist Web Site, sino que también incluye tanques. No en vano, este año el Ministerio de Defensa planea desarrollar un nuevo modelo Leopard.

"Las decisiones tomadas claramente indican que la actualización de armamento de Bundeswehr, sobre el telón de fondo de la confrontación con Rusia, solamente acaba de arrancar", subraya el medio.

Bruno Kasdorf, inspector del Ejército alemán explica que "en vista del cambio del nivel de seguridad en Oeste de Europa" el Ejército alemán resultó estar insuficiente equipado. Según él, en relación con la situación "inquietante" en la región, existe "la necesidad urgente en medidas concretas".

El Gobierno declara que la modernización de los tanques blindados está directamente relacionada con la acumulación militar de la OTAN en Europa del Este, que -según el portal- se revela cada vez más como una preparación para la guerra contra Rusia.

En los círculos políticos y medios de comunicación ya se discute activamente que Alemania "puede llevar a cabo otra guerra de tanques contra Rusia". Estos debates y la propaganda que los acompaña recuerda los tiempos más oscuros de la historia alemana.

Hace 70 años la guerra desencadenada por Alemania causó decenas de millones de víctimas. Sin embargo, las consecuencias de guerra nuclear contra Rusia sería mucho más catastrófica, concluye el artículo

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El vehículo de combate de infantería PUMA

Es un vehículo de combate de infantería alemana (Schützenpanzer o SPz) diseñado para sustituir el envejecido Marder IFVs actualmente en servicio con la Bundeswehr. El reemplazo comenzó en 2010 y acabará el año 2020. La producción en masa comenzó el 6 de julio de 2009. La empresa responsable del proyecto es PSM Projekt System Management, una empresa conjunta de Krauss-Maffei Wegmann y Rheinmetall Landsysteme. El PUMA es uno de los IFVs mejor protegidos, sin dejar de tener una alta relación potencia-peso. SAIC ofreció un derivado del PUMA al programa bèlico estadounidense American GCV Infantry Fighting Vehicle.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puma_(IFV)

The Puma infantry fighting vehicle

The Puma is a German infantry fighting vehicle (Schützenpanzer or short SPz) designed to replace the aging Marder IFVs currently in service with the Bundeswehr. Replacement began in 2010 and is scheduled for completion by 2020. Mass production began on 6 July 2009. The company responsible for the project is PSM Projekt System Management, a joint venture of Krauss-Maffei Wegmann and Rheinmetall Landsysteme. The Puma is one of the best-protected IFVs, while still having a high power-to-weight ratio. SAIC offered a derivative of the Puma as its contender in the American GCV Infantry Fighting Vehicle program.

 

Танк «Армата» Т-14.JPG
Un T-14 en la parada militar del 9 de mayo de 2015

 

El avanzado tanque ruso T-14 Armata está dotado de tecnologías sigilosas que lo hacen el primer carro de combate invisible del mundo, según afirmó el subdirector del fabricante UVZ, Viacheslav Jalítov.

 

T-14 Armata: "Hemos fabricado un tanque invisible" - RT
Publicado: 7 ago 2015

"Este tanque combina la tecnología 'stealth' -materiales absorbentes de las ondas del radar y tintas especiales- y una arquitectura racional del mismo vehículo", dijo Jalítov en una entrevista concedida a la emisora Ejo Mosvý.

El funcionario explicó que el alojamiento racional de fuentes de radiación dentro del vehículo también ayuda a reducir la detectabilidad del carro en varias bandas, sea en infrarrojo o el espectro de radar.

"De hecho, hemos fabricado un tanque invisible", dijo.

El T-14 Armata debutó este año en el desfile militar del 9 de mayo en Moscú.

Destacado con una torre totalmente automatizada y deshabitada, un cañón-lanzador de 125 milímetros de calibre y avanzada defensa activa, el tanque de nueva generación causó una gran sensación entre expertos internacionales.

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Las 7 armas más atemorizantes que Rusia está desarrollando en este momento - RT

Reino Unido, preocupado por los nuevos minisubmarinos rusos - RT

T-14 Armata: "Hemos fabricado un tanque invisible" - RT

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/T-14_Armata

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Combined arms in action: US M4 Sherman, equipped with a 75 mm main gun, with infantry walking alongside.

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Tanks were an important weapons system in World War II. Althoughtanks were the subject of widespread research in the inter-war years, production was limited to relatively small numbers in a few countries. However, during World War II most armies employed tanks, and production levels reached thousands each month. Tank usage, doctrine and production varied widely among the combatant nations. By war's end, a consensus was emerging regarding tank doctrine and design.

 

The tank was invented by the British in World War I, with nearly simultaneous development in France. Tanks of the First World War reflected the novelty of the idea and the primitive state of the automotive industry. World War I tanks moved at a walking pace, were relatively unreliable, and the best usage of them was still developing up to the war's end.[1] A breakthrough in tank design was the Christie suspension: asuspension system developed by American engineer J. Walter Christie which allowed considerably longer movement of the suspension than conventional leaf spring systems then in common use, which allowed the tanks to have considerably greater cross-country speed.[2]

The doctrine of armored warfare changed radically in the inter-war years as armies sought ways to avoid the deadlock imposed by modern firepower and looked for the means to restore offensive power on the battlefield. Initially, tanks had been used for close support of infantry, but as modern mechanized doctrine was developed by several armies, tanks became an essential part of the combined-arms team. In addition to infantry support, tanks fulfilled traditional cavalry roles, provided mobile artillery support, and were adapted to combat engineering roles.[3]

Tank design gradually improved in the inter-war period also. Reflecting the growth of the automotive industry, tank engines, transmissions, and track systems were improved. By the beginning of the war in September 1939, tanks were available that could travel hundreds of miles on their tracks with a limited number of breakdowns.[3]

The war accelerated the pace of change in design. In particular, the gun-vs-armor race of the war led to rapid improvements in firepower and armor (both in thickness and design).[3]

 

 

The Soviet Union began and ended the war with more tanks than the rest of the world combined (18,000–22,000). At the start of World War II the most common tank in Soviet service was the Vickers-based T-26, armed with a 45 mm gun capable of penetrating most German tanks at normal combat ranges. Few had radios. The design was mechanically sound although incapable of further development. The BT tank series, based on the Christie suspension system, were usually armed with the same 45 mm gun and were the most mobile tanks in the world. Close-support versions of both tanks existed, armed with 76.2 mm howitzers. However, the BT was at the end of its design life. The Red Army also fielded thousands of light reconnaissance tanks such as the amphibious T-37 and T-38. These had limited combat value; although highly mobile, they were armed only with 7.62 mm machine guns and had very thin armour. The Red Army also had about 400 T-28 medium, multi-turreted tanks, which were in most respects equal to the German Panzer IV. Again, though, this design dated from 1931 and was obsolete.[2]

The Soviet Union ended the 1930s with a huge fleet of tanks almost completely derived from foreign designs, but before 1941 developed some of the most important trend-setting tanks of the war. The problem the Soviet tank force faced in 1941 was not primarily the technical quality of its vehicles, but the very poor state of maintenance, the appalling lack of readiness, and the poor command situation brought on by the purges. The Red Army had in 1940 adopted an advanced doctrine that it was simply incapable of executing.[11]

 

 

At the beginning of German invasion most of the Soviet Union's tank forces were composed of the T-26 tank series and BT. A few T-40s had appeared, along with about 1363 mechanically unreliable early T-34 tanks, and 677 KV-1 and KV-2s.[11]Many early T-34s were captured or destroyed. Much of this early failure was due to lack of coordination, ill-supplied and ill-trained tank crews, and the lack of readiness of the Red Army in general. Another difficulty for the T-34 was that it had only a four-man crew, with the tank commander doubling as the gunner. Although spared from loading duties, unlike French tank commanders, it still crippled the tank commander's ability to maintain awareness of the battlefield while firing the tank's main gun, giving a tactical advantage to German armour.[12]

 
A column of Russian T-26 mod. 1939 and T-26 mod. 1933 light tanks from the 20th Tank Brigade moving towards the front line.

In 1941 great numbers of T-60s appeared, supplemented in 1942 with the similar T-70. Both light tanks had torsion-bar suspension, light armour, and small truck engines. Their simple construction kept them in production even though their combat value was limited. The T-60 had only a 20 mm gun while the T-70 had a 45 mm. However, both had one-man turrets, making them difficult to crew effectively. The T-70 formed the basis for the much more important self-propelled gun SU-76later in the war.[2]

By October 1942 Life magazine wrote, "The best tanks in the world today are probably the Russian tanks...".[13] The T-34 effectively made all German tanks produced to that date obsolete. In fact, at its height the T-34 was deemed so successful, and so capable in every role, that production of all other tanks except the IS-2 was stopped to allow all available resources to be used exclusively for this tank. The T-34 forced the Germans to adopt new, heavier designs such as the Panther and Tiger I, which in turn forced upgrades to the Soviet, United States and British tank fleets. Perhaps more significantly to the ultimate course of the war, the move to more complex and expensive German tank designs overwhelmed the already critically strained German tank-production capability, reducing the numbers of tanks available to German forces and thus helping to force Germany to surrender the initiative in the war to the Allies.[12]

Later in the war the light tank role was increasingly filled by Lend-Lease supplies of United States M3 light tanks and British and Canadian-built Valentine tanks. Ironically, the T-34 was as fast or faster than many of the light tanks that were supposed to scout for it, further encouraging reductions in Soviet light tank production.[12]

 
Early T-34-85 built at Factory 112

In response to better German tanks, the Soviets began to produce the T-34-85 in the winter of 1943–44. This model had a much larger turret mounting an 85-mm gun and a 3-man turret crew, finally allowing the tank commander to concentrate fully on maintaining tactical awareness of the battlefield. The Soviets also responded with the 122 mm-armed IS-2 heavy tank, which carried heavier armor than the KV without an increase in overall weight; this was achieved by thinning the rear armor and moving most of the armor to the front of the tank, where it was expected to take most of its hits.[12]

The IS-3 variant, produced in mid-1945, had a much more streamlined look and a larger, bowl-shaped tapered turret. Remarkably, the IS-3 had thicker armor but actually weighed slightly less than the IS-2, remaining under 50 tons (as compared to the Tiger II's 68). The armor design of the IS-3 was an enormous influence on postwar tank design, as seen in the Soviet T-55 and T-62 series, the United States M48 Patton and the West GermanLeopard 1.[14]

Soviet tank production outstripped all other nations with the exception of the United States. The Soviets accomplished this through standardization on a few designs, generally forgoing minor qualitative improvements and changing designs only when upgrades would result in a major improvement.[11]

Soviet tanks had turret and gun stabilization, starting with the T-28B, which had a rudimentary form as early as 1938.[15]

READ MORE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tanks_in_World_War_II

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