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12 julio 2012 4 12 /07 /julio /2012 00:51

Uncovered 8,000-year-old burial site on tiny Liang Island & Taiwan ancestry

 

 

 

Foto, tomada en diciembre de 2011 por Chen Chung-yu, muestra un esqueleto completo de un varón de la edad de piedra. Su equipo de investigación arqueológica lo ha descubierto en la pequeña isla de Liang controlada por Taiwán y situada fuera de China.

El hombre, tenía alrededor de 35 años cuando murió hace unos ocho mil años. Puede ser un pariente remoto de los aborígenes de Taiwan, que hoy representan alrededor del dos por ciento de la población de la isla, de acuerdo con el jefe del equipo, Chen Chung-yu.

 

"A juzgar por la forma en que se enterró el cuerpo, podría ser una persona de lo que ahora llamamos la familia de lenguas Austronesia", dijo Chen, investigador del Taiwan's Academia Sinica institute.

 

Los aborígenes de Taiwan pertenecen a la misma familia lingüística de las personas que emigraron a través del Pacífico hasta Isla de Pascua frente a la costa de Chile en tiempos prehistóricos.

 

Chen y su equipo de tres personas excavaron los restos, un esqueleto casi completo - en Liang Island, una pequeña isla controlada por Taiwan a 30 kilómetros al sureste de la provincia china de Fujian, en diciembre de 2011.

 

El sitio de entierro había aparecido por casualidad, ya que el ejército taiwanés fue a excavar el suelo para preparar la construcción de una carretera en la isla de 1,4 kilómetros.

 

 

.

 

[image]TAIWAN: Most people in Taiwan are of Chinese ancestry, but the island also has an indigenous population who are more likely to share common ancestry with those who migrated into the Pacific and populated its islands, from the Marianas to Rapa Nui. A recently uncovered 8,000-year-old burial site on tiny Liang Island could help researchers understand the genetics and culture of these early Austronesians before they departed for distant islands. 
(Courtesy Jonas Chun-yu Chen, Academia Sinica)

 

The photo, taken last December and provided by Chen Chung-yu, shows a complete skeleton of a stone age male his archaeological research team had unearthed from a tiny Taiwan-controlled Liang island off China.

The man, who was about 35 when he died nearly eight thousand years ago, may be a remote relative of Taiwan's aborigines who today make up about two percent of the island's population, according to the head of the team, Chen Chung-yu.

 

"Judging from the way the body was buried, it could be a person from what we now call the Austronesia language family," said Chen, a research fellow at Taiwan's Academia Sinica institute.

 

Taiwan's aborigines belong to the same language family, as do the people who migrated across the Pacific as far as Eastern Island off the coast of Chile in prehistoric times.

 

Chen and his team of three excavated the remains -- a nearly complete skeleton -- on Liang Island, a tiny Taiwanese-controlled islet 30 kilometers (19 miles) off China's southeastern Fujian province, in December.

 

The burial site had emerged purely by chance, as the Taiwanese military was digging up the soil to prepare for the construction of a road on the 1.4-kilometre (0.9-mile island).

 

 

http://www.archaeology.org/1207/world/lucy_australopithecus_afarensis_mary_rose.html

 

A group of Taiwanese aborigines

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/7c/Taiwan_aborigine_lona_children.jpg/

 

 

Taiwan Aborigines

 

Main article: Taiwanese aborigines

Taiwanese aborigines or Aboriginal peoples (Chinese: 原住民; pinyin: yuánzhùmín; Wade–Giles: yüan2-chu4-min2; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: gôan-chū-bîn; literally "original inhabitants") are the indigenous peoples of Taiwan. Their ancestors are believed to have been living on the islands for approximately 8,000 years before major Han Chinese immigration began in the 17th century (Blust 1999). Taiwan's Austronesian speakers were traditionally distributed over much of the island's rugged central mountain range and concentrated in villages along the alluvial plains. Today, the bulk of the contemporary Taiwanese aborigine population reside in the mountains and the major cities. The total population of Aborigines on Taiwan is around 458,000 as of January 2006, (CIP 2006) which is approximately 2% of Taiwan's population. The cities of Yilan, Hualien, and Taitung are known for their aboriginal communities. In the 1990s several groups of recognized indigenous tribes, which had traditionally viewed themselves as separate, united under the singular ethnonym '原住民' or 'Aborigines' (Stainton 1999).

A 2007 study found that 85% of Taiwanese Hoklo and Hakka have varying degrees of aboriginal genes.[7]

 

 

Taiwan find may throw light on Pacific settlers

April 3, 2012 by Benjamin Yeh

 

Taiwanese archaeologists working on an islet off China have unearthed the remains of a Stone Age male who may provide clues about ancient people who eventually dispersed throughout the entire Pacific.


What Happens When You Die - New theory says death isn't the end

RobertLanzaBiocentrism.com

The man, who was about 35 when he died nearly eight thousand years ago, may be a remote relative of Taiwan's aborigines who today make up about two percent of the island's population, according to the head of the team, Chen Chung-yu.

"Judging from the way the body was buried, it could be a person from what we now call the Austronesia language family," said Chen, a research fellow at Taiwan's Academia Sinica institute.

Taiwan's aborigines belong to the same language family, as do the people who migrated across the Pacific as far as Eastern Island off the coast of Chile in prehistoric times.

Chen and his team of three excavated the remains -- a nearly complete skeleton -- on Liang Island, a tiny Taiwanese-controlled islet 30 kilometers (19 miles) off China's southeastern Fujian province, in December.

The burial site had emerged purely by chance, as the Taiwanese military was digging up the soil to prepare for the construction of a road on the 1.4-kilometre (0.9-mile island).

The burial site on Liang Island was discovered purely by chance
Enlarge

This photo, taken last December and provided by Chen Chung-yu, shows an archaeological research team working at a site on a tiny Taiwan-controlled islet off China, Liang Island.

What struck Chen when he carried out the meticulous excavation work was the way the body was buried -- in a foetal position like the one used by Taiwan's aborigines as late as the 20th century.

 

Further DNA research on the skeleton will determine the genetic make-up of the skeleton, which is one of the oldest and best preserved ever to turn up on Taiwan.

But it is likely that there could be a link, since the ancestors of Taiwan's aborigines, and of most Pacific islanders, are believed to have lived in what is now southern China at that time.

If this turns out to be the case, the find on Liang Island will add to the understanding of the way of life of the ancestors of the Austronesians just before they set out on their epic journey to people the Pacific.

      http://phys.org/news/2012-04-taiwan-pacific-settlers.html

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