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23 enero 2013 3 23 /01 /enero /2013 20:05

The prime minister said he wanted to renegotiate the UK's relationship with the EU and then give people the "simple choice" between staying in under those new terms, or leaving the EU.

 

 

Cameron convocará un referéndum sobre la permanencia de Reino Unido en la UE

El primer ministro británico se compromete a consultar a los británicos en 2017 tras renegociar la relación con Bruselas

PÚBLICO/ AGENCIAS Londres 23/01/2013

 

 

 

El primer ministro británico, David Cameron, se ha comprometido a convocar un referéndum después de las elecciones de 2015 para preguntar al Reino Unido si quiere "quedarse o salir" de la Unión Europea. 

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Durante su esperado discurso sobre Europa, Cameron se ha declarado por primera vez a favor de convocar una consulta popular tal y como reclama el área euroescéptica del Partido Conservador. Lo hará, según ha anunciado, si gana las elecciones de 2015, pese al rechazo de sus socios liberaldemócratas en el Gobierno.

Poniendo punto y final a meses de especulación, el primer ministro británico se ha decantado por la consulta, ignorando las advertencias de que la misma podría poner en peligro las perspectivas económicas y diplomáticas de Reino Unido. Según señaló el mandatario, Gran Bretaña "no quiere levantar un punente levadizo y retirarse del mundo", pero advirtió de que la desilusión pública con la UE se encuentra en "máximos históricos".

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"Es la hora de que los británicos digan su opinión. Es la hora de dejar clara esta cuestión en la política británica. Y cuando llegue el momento de elegir, tendréis una elección importante sobre el destino de nuestro país", ha dicho Cameron, que señaló a la crisis de la deuda en la zona euro como la razón principal para revisar sus relaciones con la UE.

La campaña torie a las elecciones de 2015 "pedirá a los británicos que autoricen al Gobierno conservador a negociar un nuevo acuerdo con nuestros aliados europeos en el próximo Parlamento". "Cuando hayamos negociado ese nuevo acuerdo, le daremos a los británicos un referéndum con la opción de quedarse o salir de la UE en los nuevos términos. Será un referéndum sobre quedarse o salir".

La promesa de Cameron satisface a una parte amplia de su propio partido, que está dividido sobre la cuestión, pero también puede crear incertidumbre sobre la apuesta del primer ministro, partidario de renegociar la relación del Reino Unido con Europa y repatriar competencias de Bruselas a Londres.

 

La medida puede además generar el rechazo de Francia, Alemania y otros países miembros de la UE, que ya han advertido al mandatario de que no se puede tratar la pertenencia como un "menú a la carta" donde se puedan elegir los términos y condiciones de la misma. Uno de sus socios más cercanos fuera del continente, EEUU, también se ha pronunciado a favor de que se mantenga dentro de los 27.

En cualquier caso, que Cameron lleve finalmente a cabo el referéndum sigue siendo tan incierto como las posibilidades que tienen de ganar las próximas elecciones los conservadores, muy desgastados por la fuerte política de recortes y reducción del déficit público que han emprendido desde su llegada al Gobierno en 2010.

El discurso ha sido pronunciado esta mañana en Londres, después de que tuviese que ser cancelado el viernes pasado por la crisis de los rehenes de Argelia. Entonces, Cameron iba a pronunciarlo en Holanda.

Cemeron se pronunció a favor de que Reino Unido siga perteneciendo a la UE, pero también dejó claro que cree que debe ser radicalmente reformada.

 

http://www.publico.es/449388/cameron-convocara-un-referendum-sobre-la-permanencia-de-reino-unido-en-la-ue

 

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David Cameron promises in/out referendum on EU

 

 

PM David Cameron: "We will give the British people a referendum with a very simple in or out choice"Continue reading the main story

Cameron speech on EU

 

 23 January 2013  

 

The prime minister said he wanted to renegotiate the UK's relationship with the EU and then give people the "simple choice" between staying in under those new terms, or leaving the EU.

 

The news was welcomed by Eurosceptics who have long campaigned for a vote.

 

France and Germany both warned the UK could not "cherry pick" EU membership.

 

During noisy Prime Minister's Questions exchanges in Parliament, Labour leader Ed Miliband said Mr Cameron was "running scared" of the UK Independence Party, whose poll ratings have been rising.

 

Mr Miliband, who said he opposed holding an in/out referendum, said Mr Cameron was "going to put Britain through years of uncertainty, and take a huge gamble with our economy."

 

In his long-awaited speech, welcomed by many Conservative MPs, Mr Cameron pledged to hold a referendum during the early part of the next parliament - by the end of 2017 at the latest - if the Conservatives win the next general election.

 

He said it would be a decision on the UK's "destiny" and, if he secured a new relationship he was happy with, he would campaign "heart and soul" to stay within the EU.

 

"It is time for the British people to have their say," he said. "It is time to settle this European question in British politics. I say to the British people: this will be your decision."

 

However, Mr Cameron did not spell out what powers he would like to see the UK take back as part of a new settlement or what would happen if the negotiations did not go his way.

 

'Very simple choice'

The Conservative leader has been under pressure from many of his MPs to give a binding commitment to a vote on Europe.

 

Mr Cameron said "disillusionment" with the EU was "at an all-time high" and "simply asking the British people to carry on accepting a European settlement over which they have had little choice" was likely to accelerate calls for the UK to leave.

 

"That is why I am in favour of a referendum," he said. "I believe in confronting this issue - shaping it, leading the debate. Not simply hoping a difficult situation will go away."

 

Setting out the conditions for a future poll, he said he would seek a "mandate" for a renegotiation and a referendum in the next Conservative election manifesto.

 

"And when we have negotiated that new settlement, we will give the British people a referendum with a very simple in-or-out choice to stay in the EU on these new terms; or come out altogether. It will be an in/out referendum."

 

But he said holding such a referendum now would be a "false choice" because Europe was set to change following the eurozone crisis and it would be "wrong to ask people whether to stay or go before we have had a chance to put the relationship right".

 

Mr Cameron said he understood "the appeal" of Britain going it alone and he was sure the UK would survive outside the EU. But, he said, the UK must think "very carefully" about the implications of withdrawal for its prosperity and role on the international stage.

 

"If we left the European Union, it would be a one-way ticket, not a return," he added.

 

The prime minister rejected suggestions that a new relationship was "impossible to achieve", adding that he would prefer all other EU countries to agree a new treaty but would be prepared to seek negotiations on a unilateral basis.

 

 

 

Analysis

 

 

Iain Watson

Political correspondent, BBC News

It has taken quite some time for the prime minister to go from promising a major speech on Europe to delivering it.

 

But today marks the beginning of a process, not the end.

 

The many Eurosceptics in his party will be pleased that he is offering an in/out referendum on Britain's membership of the EU - although some will regard the timescale as tardy.

 

But there are important hurdles. He has to win the next election with an overall majority. His European partners will have to be willing to renegotiate Britain's relationship.

 

And while the promise of a referendum will unite many in his party this side of an election, the process of renegotiation might re-open divisions. What the PM didn't say today is what would he do if the negotiations deliver less than he would like.

 

Would he still proceed with an in/out referendum? Would he still argue for a yes vote? Would others in his party who would be prepared to stay on the EU on the right terms defect to the No camp if they don't like the deal the PM strikes with Brussels?

 

Labour and the Lib Dems say David Cameron is creating damaging uncertainty for business, but he has thrown down the gauntlet to them.

 

Can they allow him to be the only major party leader to offer voters a say on EU membership after the next election?

 

Annotated transcript: Cameron speec

 

 


 
 

 

 

 

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