Redefining Homer’s Odyssey
By Fani Toli on October 14, 2011
Excavations of the Head of Antiquities in Kefallonia and Ithaca, Antonis Vassilakis changed dramatically what is known about Ithaca and the Odyssey.
In the region of Riza, Poros in Kefallonia, excavations unearthed an impressive building of the Mycenaean era (1400-1200 BC), next to the Tholos Tomb of the Mycenaeans.
This building is a part of an extensive residential centre and the first one being discovered in the area of Kefallonia. There is a wall curved wall whose total acreage is 250, while its dating is precise due to the stratified pottery of this period.
If this discovery will be affirmed, then contemporary Ithaca was a part of Odysseus’ kingdom with Kefallonia as the seat of the kingdom and the palaces in the region of Riza.
Vassilakis’ new evidence have been forwarded to the Greek Ministry of Culture
Vista panorámica de Ítaca, con la capital, Vathí.
Las Islas Jónicas se extienden por la costa occidental y central de Grecia y más al sur por la costa occidental del Peloponeso. Forman un grupo independiente de doce islas grandes y pequeńas , cada una con su propio carácter distintivo. Su belleza natural extraordinaria combina con su historia larga y una mezcla de varias culturas e influencias que han dejado su estampa en ellas.
La más grande de las islas Jónicas, Kefalonia está en la entrada al Golfo de Patra. Kefalonia y la isla de Itaca constituyen hoy el Condado de Kefalonia-ltaca con una capital en Argostoli. Horarios regulares de barcos conectan sus numerosos puertos con Lefkada, Aetoloakarnania, Itaca, Patra, Kyllene y Zakynthos. Hay también conexiones diarias en avión con Atenas.
Hallazgos arqueológicos evidencian la presencia humana en la isla que se remonta al alba de civilización. Herramientas de piedra encontradas en la aldea de Haliotada Samis y en la península de Fournia en Fiskardo proporcionan prueba de que el hombre prehistórico se estableció en Kefalonia y en Itaca.
Templos dóricos de los siglos VII y VI a.C. dan fe a la presencia de una civilización de alto nivel .
Ulises y sus hombres sacan los ojos a Polifemo
Cefalonia e Ítaca. La más grande de las islas Jónicas, Cefalonia (Kefalonia) está acompañada de la pequeña Ítaca en la entrada al Golfo de Patra.
Here is the ship of Ulysses from the scene “Ulysses and the Sirens” in the ODYSSEY, It is a naïve and provincial portrayal in the mosaic of the FRIGIDARIUM of the baths of the Luso-Roman villa of Santa Vitória do Ameixial (Mon forte), dating from the 3rd century AD, Lisbon, Museu Nacional de Arqueologia
LH SETTLEMENT AT TZANNATA
A new rescue excavation, directed by Dr Andonis Vasilakis, Director of the 35Th Ephoreia has taken place in August to October 2011 at the location ‘Riza’ near the village Tzannata/Poros, in the island of Kefallinia. The new excavation has revealed part of a LH settlement, connected with the well known royal tholos tomb at the location ‘Bourtzi’, excavated by Dr Lazaros Kolonas in 1992. An area of about 750 square meters was excavated and so far the following ruins have been discovered:
In the east part of the field 5 Roman pit tile graves were discovered:
A monumental thick perivolos wall of difficultly identifiable function, built of large boulders, has been uncovered in a length of 50 square meters, aligned from North to South. To the west of this perivolos a parallel row of upstanding boulders borders a paved road parallel to them. Beneath the road an apsidal building of an earlier date has been revealed. The perivolos wall and the road are dated after the destruction of the small apsidal building around the end of LM III B or the beginning of LH III C.
A third –probably the main- phase of occupation at the site consists of a large apsidal building, which has been partly revealed, in an extent of about 150 square meters. Its complete extent and height of preservation will be established in a next period of research. Built of large and medium size roughly dressed stones, this large building with a width of 1,80 m. is poorly preserved at its east part. The thickness of deposit varies, -following the slope of the field to the south- from 0,10 to about 1,00 m. The north part of the building is not yet completely excavated. The floor of the building constructed of beaten red mud containing small white stones, has been reached at its south part to the depth of 0,40 m. What seems to have been a clay dressed hearth was uncovered bellow the small apsidal building. The pottery recovered in the undisturbed layers dates to the broad horizon of LH III B with many potsherds of an earlier date. Shapes which have been identified to date are: chalices of both short –the large majority- and high stems, cups with and without handles, skyphoi, jugs, etc. The study of the pottery has just started in the laboratory of the Ephoreia at Argostoli. Among other finds we report here a seal stone or pendant in the shape of a drop, with sealing surface difficultly identifiable to date and is still under examination and study. A number of clay loom weights and lithics from flints and chert stone were also collected.
An earlier phase has been recovered in the northwest part of the field.
The discovery of this settlement well dated to LH III and probably earlier and a little later, in a close distance from the royal tholos tomb at Tzannata, opens a new chapter of prehistory in the Kefallinia island, where many LH chambers tombs are already known from excavations since early 20th century, but no settlements of the period has been excavated. The excavation of this new discovered settlement will be fruitful for the knowledge of the evolution of culture in this island, which lies on a key strategic spot, which controlled the gulf of Patras and the trade to the west. The island is also heavily marked in the Homeric epic, as the possible seat of the leader of a west Greek kingdom in the late Mycenaean period.
Kefallinia, 11 March 2012
Dr Andonis Sp. Vasilakis
2012/2/24 Kristof, Nicholas « firstname.lastname@example.org»
Dear Dr. Vasilakis,
It was good to speak to you just now. As I mentioned, I’m interested in writing a column for the New York Times, and doing a video for the Times website, about the search for ancient Ithaca. I’m an Odysseus fan, hence my interest, and I’m fascinated by the Bittlestone theory. So a few questions for you, if you don’t mind.
First, what do you think of the idea that Paliki is ancient Ithaca and that it originally was separated from the rest of Cephalonia by a channel? Second, how do your excavations fit into that theory? If there are ancient sites at Porros, then what does that do to Paliki? Do you agree that Cephalonia was ancient Same?
Third, do you find plausible the Bittlestone ideas about where Odysseus landed on his return, where Eumaios’s pig farm was, Raven’s Rock, Arethusa Spring, and so on?
Warmest wishes, and thanks so much for your guidance.
Δείτε το video: http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/11/opinion/sunday/kristof-odysseus-lies-here.html?_r=1&hp
ΠΗΓΕΣ: nytimes.com, odysseus-unbound.org, mykefalonia.com, porosnews.blogspot, kefaloniatoday.com