China launches two satellites: the 192° mission of carrier rockets serie "Long March"
China lanza dos satélites a bordo de un cohete portador
Jiuquan, 4 sep 2014 (Spanish. xinhuanet. com) -- China lanzó con éxito dos satélites a bordo de un cohete portador a las 8:15 horas (hora de Beijing) de hoy jueves en el Centro de Lanzamiento de Satélites de Jiuquan, en el desierto de Gobi, en el noroeste del país.
Chuangxin-1-04, uno de los dos satélites, está diseñado para recoger y transmitir datos en lo relativo a la hidrografía, el tiempo, la energía eléctrica y el alivio de desastres. El otro es un "satélite ágil", que se encarga de realizar experimentos de telecomunicaciones multimedia.
Los dos satélites han entrado en sus órbitas anteriormente fijadas a bordo del cohete portador Gran Marcha-2D, de acuerdo con el centro.
El lanzamiento marcó la 192ª misión llevada a cabo por la serie de cohetes portadores Gran Marcha.
For thirteen years, between August 1996 and August 2009, 75 consecutive successful launches of Long March rocket were conducted, ending with the launch of Palapa-D on August 31, 2009, which partially failed due to a third stage malfunction. On October 15, 2003, the Long March 2F rocket successfully launched the Shenzhou 5 spacecraft/orbiter carrying China's first astronaut into space; China thus became the third nation to send a person in space independently, after the Soviet Union/Russia and the United States. A Long March 2F launched the Shenzhou 6 with two astronauts on October 12, 2005. On June 1, 2007, Long March rockets completed the 100th launch. On October 24, 2007, the Long March 3A successfully launched (18:05 GMT+8) the "Chang'e 1" lunar orbiting spacecraft from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center. On September 25, 2008, a Long March 2F launched Shenzhou 7, China's first three-man mission and first EVA mission.
On the June 11, 2013, a Long March 2F, launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, put three astronauts into orbit for the Shenzhou 10 mission.
A Long March rocket (长征系列运载火箭) or Changzheng rocket is any rocket in a family of expendable launch systems operated by the People's Republic of China. Development and design falls under the auspices of the China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology. In English, the rockets are abbreviated as LM - for export and CZ - within China, as "Chang Zheng" means "Long March" in Chinese pinyin.
COMMERCIAL LAUNCH SERVICES
China markets launch services under the China Great Wall Industry Corporation. Its efforts to launch communications satellites were dealt a blow in the mid-1990s after the United States stopped issuing export licenses to companies to allow them to launch on Chinese launch vehicles out of fear that this would help China's military. In the face of this, Thales Alenia Space built the Chinasat-6B satellite with no components from the United States whatsoever. This allowed it to be launched on a Chinese launch vehicle without violating U.S. ITAR restrictions. The launch, on a Long March 3B rocket, was successfully conducted on July 5, 2007. A Chinese Long March 2D launched Venezuela's VRSS-1 (Venezuelan Remote Sensing Satellite 1) "Francisco de Miranda" on September 29, 2012.