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9 octubre 2014 4 09 /10 /octubre /2014 21:35

 

First hint of 'life after death' in biggest ever scientific study

Southampton University scientists have found evidence that awareness can continue for at least several minutes after clinical death which was previously thought impossible

telegraph.co.uk/science/science-news/11144442/First-hint-of-life-after-death-in-biggest-ever-scientific-study.html

 

 

Near Death Experience

 

sam parnia

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Sam Parnia is one of the world’s leading experts on death—on how people can medically be brought back from the dead, and on what happens to the mind, or soul, or consciousness, after people die.

Científicos británicos dicen haber encontrado signos de vida después de la muerte

El estudio médico más grande realizado en este ámbito corrobora la presencia de un tipo de conciencia durante una ‘muerte clínica’

Un grupo de científicos de la Universidad de Southampton creen haber encontrado la respuesta a un enigma de la humanidad. El resultado de las investigaciones indica que la humanidad experimenta un tipo de conciencia después de la muerte.

Es un tipo de conciencia que permanece una vez que el cerebro deja de cumplir con sus funciones vitales.

Según ‘The Telegraph’, los científicos abordaron este tema durante más de cuatro años examinando a más de dos millares de personas que sufrieron ataques cardiacos en hospitales de Austria, Estados Unidos y el Reino Unido.

Las investigaciones confirman que cerca del 40 por ciento de las personas que sobrevivieron al problema cardíaco describieron un tipo de conciencia durante el tiempo en el que permanecieron clínicamente muertos, poco antes de que las tareas de reanimación consiguieran su objetivo.

El estudio revela el caso concreto de un hombre que se pudo ver a sí mismo dejando su cuerpo y observando desde una esquina cómo el equipo médico llevaba a cabo la labor de reanimación. A pesar de estar clínicamente muerto durante tres minutos, el hombre de 57 años confirmó recordar qué procedimiento llevaron a cabo los doctores y enfermeras, describiendo incluso el sonido reproducido por las máquinas sanitarias.

El doctor Sam Parnia, un ex investigador de la Universidad de Southampton, y hoy trabajador en la Universidad Estatal de Nueva York, fue el encargado de dirigir el estudio. El propio doctor reitera en que "el cerebro no puede funcionar cuando el corazón se detiene", pero apuntó a que en este caso en particular, "la conciencia continuó a pesar del periodo en los que el paciente se encontraba en parada cardiorrespiratoria".

De los más de dos millares de casos analizados, poco más de tres centenas sobrevivieron y 140 personas aseguraron haber experimentado una situación diferente antes de ser reanimados.

Uno de cada cinco reconoce haber sentido una inusual sensación de paz mientras casi un tercio manifiesta haber visto pasar el tiempo "más lentamente". Algunos afirman haber visto una luz brillante, otros sintieron miedo, que se ahogaban o que eran arrastrados hacia aguas profundas. El 13 por ciento corrobora que sintió una separación del cuerpo y alma.

 

 

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First hint of 'life after death' in biggest ever scientific study

Southampton University scientists have found evidence that awareness can continue for at least several minutes after clinical death which was previously thought impossible

Some cardiac arrest patients recalled seeing a bright light; a golden flash or the Sun shining Some cardiac arrest patients recalled seeing a bright light; a golden flash or the Sun shining

 

Death is a depressingly inevitable consequence of life, but now scientists believe they may have found some light at the end of the tunnel.

The largest ever medical study into near-death and out-of-body experiences has discovered that some awareness may continue even after the brain has shut down completely.

It is a controversial subject which has, until recently, been treated with widespread scepticism.

But scientists at the University of Southampton have spent four years examining more than 2,000 people who suffered cardiac arrests at 15 hospitals in the UK, US and Austria.

And they found that nearly 40 per cent of people who survived described some kind of ‘awareness’ during the time when they were clinically dead before their hearts were restarted.

 

 

One man even recalled leaving his body entirely and watching his resuscitation from the corner of the room.

Despite being unconscious and ‘dead’ for three minutes, the 57-year-old social worker from Southampton, recounted the actions of the nursing staff in detail and described the sound of the machines.

“We know the brain can’t function when the heart has stopped beating,” said Dr Sam Parnia, a former research fellow at Southampton University, now at the State University of New York, who led the study.

“But in this case, conscious awareness appears to have continued for up to three minutes into the period when the heart wasn’t beating, even though the brain typically shuts down within 20-30 seconds after the heart has stopped.

“The man described everything that had happened in the room, but importantly, he heard two bleeps from a machine that makes a noise at three minute intervals. So we could time how long the experienced lasted for.

“He seemed very credible and everything that he said had happened to him had actually happened.”

Of 2060 cardiac arrest patients studied, 330 survived and of 140 surveyed, 39 per cent said they had experienced some kind of awareness while being resuscitated.

Although many could not recall specific details, some themes emerged. One in five said they had felt an unusual sense of peacefulness while nearly one third said time had slowed down or speeded up.

Some recalled seeing a bright light; a golden flash or the Sun shining. Others recounted feelings of fear or drowning or being dragged through deep water. 13 per cent said they had felt separated from their bodies and the same number said their sensed had been heightened.

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Dr Parnia believes many more people may have experiences when they are close to death but drugs or sedatives used in the process of rescuitation may stop them remembering.

“Estimates have suggested that millions of people have had vivid experiences in relation to death but the scientific evidence has been ambiguous at best.

“Many people have assumed that these were hallucinations or illusions but they do seem to corresponded to actual events.

“And a higher proportion of people may have vivid death experiences, but do not recall them due to the effects of brain injury or sedative drugs on memory circuits.

“These experiences warrant further investigation. “

Dr David Wilde, a research psychologist and Nottingham Trent University, is currently compiling data on out-of-body experiences in an attempt to discover a pattern which links each episode.

He hopes the latest research will encourage new studies into the controversial topic.

“Most studies look retrospectively, 10 or 20 years ago, but the researchers went out looking for examples and used a really large sample size, so this gives the work a lot of validity.

“There is some very good evidence here that these experiences are actually happening after people have medically died.

“We just don’t know what is going on. We are still very much in the dark about what happens when you die and hopefully this study will help shine a scientific lens onto that.”

The study was published in the journal Resuscitation.

Dr Jerry Nolan, Editor-in-Chief at Resuscitation said: “Dr Parnia and his colleagues are to be congratulated on the completion of a fascinating study that will open the door to more extensive research into what happens when we die.

 

 

First hint of 'life after death' in study

Scientists have found evidence that awareness can continue for at least several minutes after clinical death

07 Oct 2014

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AWARE (AWAreness during REsuscitation) study

 

 

The AWARE (AWAreness during REsuscitation) study is a long-term multidisciplinary collaboration between international scientists and physicians, begun in 2008, that aims to study the relationship between consciousness and the brain in patients who undergo cardiac arrest and clinical death. Led by Dr. Sam Parnia, the AWARE project is working with more than 25 major medical centers throughout Europe, Canada, and the United States to investigate the dying process and what we can learn about the fate of consciousness at this time.

One of the most publicised aspects of the AWARE study is the testing of claims of 'veridical out-of-body experiences' during near-death experiences: that is, people claiming to be able to see and hear during cardiac arrest from a point outside their body. The project is investigating these claims by placing randomly generated images within hospital rooms that are not visible unless viewed from specific vantage points above, to see if any near-death experiencers can correctly report back the target image 'seen' during an OBE. To quote Dr Sam Parnia: "If we can objectively verify these claims, the results would bear profound implications not only for the scientific community, but for the way in which we understand and relate to life and death as a society.”

 

 

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