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12 junio 2014 4 12 /06 /junio /2014 16:18

 

 

 

 

An Indian cycle rickshaw puller drinks water on a hot day in Allahabad, India, Saturday, June 7, 2014. Thousands of people enraged by power cuts during an extreme heat wave have been rioting across northern India, setting electricity substations on fire and taking power company officials hostage, officials said Saturday. (AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh) 

 

An Indian cycle rickshaw puller drinks water on a hot day in Allahabad, India, Saturday, June 7, 2014. (AP Photo/Rajesh Kumar Singh)

Un conductor de rickshaw indio bebe agua en un día caluroso en Allahabad, India, sábado 7 de junio de 2014. (AP Photo / Rajesh Kumar Singh)

 

 

 

Medios de comunicación indios: crisis de energía en medio de la ola de calor

11 de junio 2014 - Miles de personas enfurecidas por los cortes de energía durante una ola de calor extrema van causando disturbios por el norte de la India, prendiendo fuego a subestaciones eléctricas y tomando funcionarios de la empresa de energía de rehenes, dijeron el sábado las autoridades.

 

Las temperaturas han aumentado considerablemente en muchas ciudades del norte de India

Los medios instan al gobierno federal a abordar de inmediato el problema de cortes de energía eléctrica en los estados del norte de India.

 

Una intensa ola de calor se ha extendido por los estados del norte de la India en los últimos días, con temperaturas que alcanzan  los 47°C (118F).

 

La demanda de electricidad ha aumentado considerablemente debido a que más personas están usando ventiladores y acondicionadores de aire y otros aparatos de refrigeración

 

La bajo la producción de energía en algunas plantas también está provocando cortes de energía prolongados en muchas ciudades, dicen los informes.

La solución de este "problema con la energía" es una de las "primeras pruebas de presión" del nuevo gobierno indio, del recién electo primer ministro Narendra Modi.

 

"El nuevo gobierno tiene que encontrar unasolución inmediata y una solución a largo plazo, so pena de ser considerados responsables", dice The Pioneer.

 

El Hindustan Times dice que la crisis energética puede afectar "el historial de crecimiento" de la India.

 

"Los apagones no son realmente el tipo de eventos que cualquier aspirante a superpotencia económica mundial mostraría en su escaparate. Tales apagones y fallas de energía sólo llenan las aljabas de los escépticos de flechas para lascerar el historial del crecimiento de la India", dice el documento.

 

Mientras tanto, el nuevo gobierno está trabajando en un plan para "recuperar" la imagen de la India como destino turístico seguro, para impulsar el turismo y aumentar los ingresos en divisas, dicen los informes.

 

"El tema de la seguridad y la seguridad de los turistas, sobre todo las turistas mujeres, es la mayor preocupación del gobierno. El gobierno reconoce el papel que el turismo y la hospitalidad puede desempeñar como fuente de divisas y su capacidad de crear millones de puestos de trabajo cada año," cita Mint website en referencia a lo declarado por el Ministro de Turismo Shripad Yesso Naik.

 

Y, por último, un grupo líder de consultoría ha clasificado a la India como 15° en su informe global de la riqueza, informa The Times of India.

 

India tenía 175.000 hogares millonarios en 2013, según el informe anual de la industria global de gestión de la riqueza de The Boston Consulting Group.

 

"La posición de la India ha mejorado ligeramente respecto a 2012 cuando se hallaba en el puesto 16° en el mundo ... La India se proyecta como el 7° país más rico en 2018. El número de hogares ultrapudientes en la India, de personas con ingresos anuales de 100 millones de dólares o más, alcanzó la cifra de 284 el año 2013", precisa el informe

 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-27790325

 

* Traducción Malcolm Allison H  2014

 

 

 

Indian media: Power crisis amid heat wave

 

11 June 2014 - Thousands of people enraged by power cuts during an extreme heat wave have been rioting across northern India, setting electricity substations on fire and taking power company officials hostage, officials said Saturday. 

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-india-27790325 

Temperatures have risen sharply in many northern Indian cities

Media urge the federal government to immediately address the problem of power outages in northern Indian states.

 

An intense heat wave has been sweeping northern states of India in the past few days with temperatures reaching as high as 47C (118F).

 

The demand for electricity has sharply risen because more people are using air conditioners and other cooling appliances

 

Low production at some power plants is also causing prolonged power outages in many cities, reports say.

 

Papers feel solving this "power problem" is one of the "first pressure tests" of the newly-elected government led by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

 

"The new government has to find an immediate and a long-term solution, failing which it will be held accountable," says The Pioneer.

 

The Hindustan Times says the power crisis is likely to affect India's "growth story".

 

"Power blackouts aren't really the type of events that any aspiring global economic superpower would showcase. Such blackouts and power failures will only fill up the sceptics' quiver of arrows to run down the India growth story," the paper says.

 

Wealth list

Meanwhile, the new government is working on a plan to "bring back" the image of India as a safe tourist destination to boost tourism and increase foreign exchange earnings, reports say.

 

"The issue of safety and security of tourists, especially the women tourists, is the government's utmost concern. The government recognises the role tourism and hospitality can play as a foreign exchange earner and their ability to create millions of jobs every year," the Mint website quotes Tourism Minister Shripad Yesso Naik as saying.

 

And finally, a leading consulting group has ranked India 15th in its global wealth report, The Times of India reports.

 

India had 175,000 millionaire households in 2013, according to The Boston Consulting Group's annual report on the global wealth-management industry.

 

"India's position improved slightly from 2012 when it had ranked 16th in the world… India is projected to become the seventh wealthiest nation by 2018. The number of ultra-high-net-worth households in India, those with 100m dollars or more, stood at 284 last year," the report adds.

 

 

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149647 600 Power Crisis cartoons

 

 

 

How power crisis can black out Modi’s plans to reboot India by MK Venu Jun 12, 2014 

 

http://www.firstpost.com/politics/how-power-crisis-can-black-out-modis-plans-to-reboot-india-1566769.html

 

 

The Modi-led BJP government is grappling with a major power crisis in North India. There is a severe power crisis in Uttar Pradesh where power cuts range from 8 to 12 hours a day. Many other North Indian states too are facing several hours of load shedding. Even New Delhi, where power supply has been normal in recent years, is facing massive load shedding this summer, prompting the Power Minister Piyush Goyal to stay up all night to assuage irate residents and push private power suppliers hard to meet the needs of the people. In Jharkhand, angry residents led by senior BJP leader Yashwant Sinha gheraoed the electricity office and were arrested after officials filed an FIR against the protestors. The power crisis has turned into an ugly political battle between the Centre and the non BJP government in Uttar Pradesh. The BJP must realize it is now in power at the Centre and must deal with non BJP governments in a more conciliatory manner to solve many problems facing the nation. Blaming the non BJP state governments for everything will not help Modi in getting their cooperation to deal with critical problems facing the country. After all, one of the promises made by Narendra Modi is to treat all Chief Ministers as equal partners in development. So the Centre will be advised not to blame the non BJP state governments for everything going wrong in the country.

Read more at: http://www.firstpost.com/politics/how-power-crisis-can-black-out-modis-plans-to-reboot-india-1566769.html?utm_source=ref_article

 

 

The BJP needs to show some generosity at this stage if it wants to move away from the bitter, negative politics of the past three years and create a conducive atmosphere to help resolve developmental issues. President Pranab Mukherjee also emphasized in his presidential address that 2014 should be “the year of healing” as we leave behind the bitter politics of the past. In this context, Rajiv Pratap Rudy’s speech in Lok Sabha, in the debate on the Presidential address, was particularly graceless when he said the Lok Sabha outcome were a result of 65 years of failed governance. Rudy would be advised to go through Atal Behari Vajpayee’s famous address to Parliament after winning the 1999 elections when he gracefully accepted that a lot had been achieved in 50 years since independence though things were far from satisfactory. So as the BJP confronts serious developmental problems it must at least admit that our failures cannot be blamed totally on parties other than BJP. For instance India’s power sector is a mess for which all governments, at the Centre and in the states, have been responsible.

 

Electricity is the backbone of the economy and very few state governments have had the courage to implement power sector reforms by making the state electricity boards economically viable. Uttar Pradesh has witnessed the maximum load shedding this summer because its peak demand in summer goes up to 18,000 mega watts and in the winter months it consumes less than 13,000 mega watts. The power minister is right when he said that the Centre is willing to supply more power to UP but the state refuses to buy more power because the cost of power is more than what the people pay for it. So the more power UP buys from the Centre, the more losses it accumulates. So it prefers load shedding to buying more power to supply. This problem is not confined to UP alone. The Chairman of Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) told this writer that most state electricity boards supply power at below cost and incur huge losses.

 

The total annual losses incurred by State Electricity Boards (SEBs) today is Rs 70,000 crore and this was less than Rs 24,000 crore ten years ago. So this problem is not confined to just Uttar Pradesh. It is happening across India. The Electricity Regulator also said the country has 2,50,000 mega watts of power capacity and the actual peak demand in summer is no more than 1,55,000 mega watts. So the country clearly has surplus capacity available. But the state electricity boards do not generate power beyond 55 percent to 60 percent capacity. Why? Because if they generate up to 90 percent of their capacity then they will incur that much more losses. This is a peculiar situation where there is enough power capacity but it is not being supplied because the states do not want to sell at a loss. Why does this happen? This is a political issue because governments have not been able to persuade some people to pay more so that the very poor can be subsidized. This is the fundamental problem which needs to be politically resolved.

 

Can Modi rise to this challenge? Narendra Modi will do well to call a meeting of all chief ministers to take a collective decision on this urgent question. This has to be done fast because the power cuts will come in the way of economic recovery as it is the most critical input to industry. A study by industry body ASSOCHAM says shortages are likely to force over 25 percent micro, small and medium enterprises (MSME) in several states, mostly in north India, to close their businesses. To add to this problem, the weaker monsoon is also predicted to be concentrated in northern states. Clearly, this is a national problem which the Modi government must tackle urgently without unnecessarily politicising it. It is incumbent upon the government to take other regional leaders along in this endeavour. In his reply to the debate in Lok Sabha on the Presidential address, Modi did say he would seek everyone's cooperation in executing his government's development goals. He even surprised everyone by seeking guidance from BJP's arch rival in UP, Mulayam Singh Yadav. For UP will be the litmus test of BJP's development plank which seeks to build and consolidate a new social coalition under a backward caste Prime Minister. This would not have been lost on Mulayam Singh Yadav. Clearly, as Mao once said,mass politics is not be like a dinner party. There will be no room for politeness. Especially after the initial honeymoon period is over for the NDA.

Read more at: http://www.firstpost.com/politics/how-power-crisis-can-black-out-modis-plans-to-reboot-india-1566769.html?utm_source=ref_article

 

Will Iranian Gas Help Solve India's Energy Crisis?

southasia.foreignpolicy.com/.../2014/.../will_iranian...  
27/3/2014 - As the summer of 2014 approaches, it appears that India has done little to shore up its energy supply. The country continues to experience a .

 

 

Unfolding 'Quiet Energy Crisis' in India Forces Unavoidable ...

www.marketwatch.com/.../unfolding-quiet-energy-c...  
4/6/2014 - Unfolding 'Quiet Energy Crisis' in India Forces Unavoidable Gas Pricing ...2014 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- The long-term distortion of India's gas .

 

 

India is currently undergoing an energy crisis, as we face a shortfall of more than 80,000 million units of electricity per year. Energy availability is one of the basic conditions that drive prosperity and productivity of a region. Energy availability has a direct impact on the performance of the states as industrial growth requires a reliable supply of energy, which helps in increasing the scale of production to generate more economic output. India had an energy deficit of nearly 10% in 2009-10 and requires responsible investments in the transmission and distribution of electricity, and the development of advanced technologies like smart-grid is required to transform the production, delivery and usage of electricity.

India’s per capita consumption of power is estimated to be 780 units and among the lowest in the world, compared to the world average of more than 2,700 units. The highest per capita availability of power is found in Goa and Delhi, while Bihar is lowest with less than 100 units. This has raised serious concerns of social development and inclusive growth in these states.

Electricity generation in India is still dominated by non-renewable sources of energy, like coal, gas and diesel, which produce more than 65% of the total power in the country. India’s total coal reserve is estimated to be 285.86 billion tonnes, which is huge considering the annual consumption of coal was 590 million tonnes in 2010-11.

But only 114 billion tonnes are proven reserves and the rest are inferred or indicated reserves, which are extremely difficult to extract. According to experts, only 50-70 billion tonnes of coal can be extracted, which can last for only the next 30-40 years. The huge demand for energy/electricity raises questions about the generation of electricity. The current basket needs to be rationalised to make an optimum mix of electricity production via renewable resources to make India energy-secure.

This piece was published in Financial Express on May 19, 2012. Download PDF

 

 

* Malcolm Allison H  2014

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  • : Ecología y sostenibilidad socioambiental, énfasis en conservación de ríos y ecosistemas, denuncia de impacto de megaproyectos. Todo esto es indesligable de la política y por ello esta también se observa. Ecology, social and environmental sustainability, emphasis on conservation of rivers and ecosystems, denounces impact of megaprojects. All this is inseparable from politics, for it, the politics is also evaluated.
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  • Malcolm Allison H malcolm.mallison@gmail.com
  • Biólogo desde hace más de treinta años, desde la época en que aún los biólogos no eran empleados de los abogados ambientalistas. Actualmente preocupado …alarmado en realidad, por el LESIVO TRATADO DE(DES)INTEGRACIÓN ENERGÉTICA CON BRASIL
  • Biólogo desde hace más de treinta años, desde la época en que aún los biólogos no eran empleados de los abogados ambientalistas. Actualmente preocupado …alarmado en realidad, por el LESIVO TRATADO DE(DES)INTEGRACIÓN ENERGÉTICA CON BRASIL

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