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10 septiembre 2014 3 10 /09 /septiembre /2014 16:31

 

Vo Nguyen Giap on TIME magazine covers

Võ Nguyên Giáp (25 August 1911 – 4 October 2013) was a General of the Vietnam People’s Army and a politician. He was the most prominent military commander, beside Ho Chi Minh, during the Vietnam war and was responsible for major operations and leadership until the war ended.

 

 

 

 

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"I respect Vo Nguyen Giap. He was a general. He was a member of the Politburo. He was the Minister of the Defense Department of Vietnam. He was a talented person. He can speak many languages. He did not have as much respect as Ho Chi Minh did. Ho Chi Minh was a great national hero. Even after 1975 when there were a lot of important people whose names should be remembered in history, people didn’t bother to know those people. They remember first Ho Chi Minh , second Pham Van Dong, and third Vo Nguyen Giap" ...

"Yo respeto a Vo Nguyen Giap. Él era un general. Fue miembro del Buró Político. Él era el Ministro del Departamento de Defensa de Vietnam. Él era una persona con mucho talento. Él podía hablar muchos idiomas. No tenía tanto reconocimiento como lo tuvo Ho Chi Minh. Ho Chi Minh era un gran héroe nacional. Incluso después de 1975, cuando había una gran cantidad de personas importantes cuyos nombres se recuerdan en la historia, la gente no se molesta en conocer a esa gente. Recuerdan primero a Ho Chi Minh, segundo a Pham Van Dong, y tercero a Vo Nguyen Giap" ...

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Tet Offensive 1968: Turning Point in Vietnam
James R. Arnold // Praeger, 1990 - 96 páginas

The 1968 Tet Offensive was the decisive battle for Vietnam. Masterminded by the brilliant North Vietnamese General Vo Nguyen Giap, it was intended to trigger a general uprising in South Vietnam. Detailing the plans and forces involved, James Arnold demonstrates how instead the bloody fighting for Saigon, Hue and other cities resulted in a catastrophic defeat for the North; and how, paradoxically, the American people and their leaders came to perceive the war for Vietnam was lost. Another paradox is how the change in Communist tactics from a classic guerrilla approach to a conventional offensive surprised the Americans: US troops, having dropped their heavy weapons in favour of mobility during jungle-fighting days, suddenly found themselves virtually devoid of ground-based fire support. Inadequacies in American intelligence are looked at and the disastrous results recounted. The effect of such dramatic actions as the storming of the US embassy on the American public is also studied: reactions back home to press reports from the front were what made the Tet offensive an American political defeat in spite of the battlefield outcome being vastly in the US's favour by the end of the fighting.

 

 

 

 

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The Tet Offensive: A Concise History (Paperback) ~ James H. Will... Cover ArtThe Tet Offensive: A Concise History (Paperback) ~ James H. Will... Cover Art

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The Tet Offensive: A Concise History

books.google.com.pe/books?isbn=023112841X
James H. Willbanks - 2008 - ‎History

Joining the U.S. and South Vietnamese forces were also troops from several ... of whom sported tattoos that proclaimed, "Born in the North, to die in the South," .

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En la ofensiva de Tet de 1968, el Viet Cong y las fuerzas de Vietnam del Norte lanzaron un ataque masivo en todo el Vietnam del Sur. Aunque los comunistas no lograron alcanzar sus objetivos tácticos y operativos, James Willbanks afirma que Hanoi ganó una victoria estratégica. La ofensiva demostró que el progreso estadounidense fue groseramente exagerado y causó que muchos estadounidenses y asesores presidenciales clave, cuestionaran la conveniencia de prolongar el combate.
Willbanks también sostiene que los comunistas pusieron sitio a una base de combate Marine dos semanas antes de la ofensiva de Tet, conocido como la batalla de Khe Sanh & Mdash; para distraer a los Estados Unidos. Es su creencia de que estos dos hechos están íntimamente ligados, y en su historia concisa y convincente, presenta un retrato atractivo de los conflictos y destaca los problemas clave de interpretación.
Willbanks divide su estudio en seis secciones, comenzando con una visión histórica de los acontecimientos que condujeron a la ofensiva, el ataque en sí, y las consiguientes batallas de Saigón, Hue, y Khe Sahn. Y continúa con una evaluación crítica de los principales temas y asuntos relacionados con la ofensiva, y concluye con extractos de documentos estadounidenses y vietnamitas, mapas y cronologías, una lista comentada de los recursos, y una breve enciclopedia de personas clave, lugares y eventos.
Un historiador militar experimentado y estudioso de la guerra de Vietnam, James H Willbanks ha escrito una referencia crítica  única y una guía, que amplía el debate en torno a este importante punto de inflexión en la guerra más larga de EEUU.

 

 

 

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 In the Tet Offensive of 1968, Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces launched a massive countrywide attack on South Vietnam. Though the Communists failed to achieve their tactical and operational objectives, James Willbanks claims Hanoi won a strategic victory. The offensive proved that America's progress was grossly overstated and caused many Americans and key presidential advisors to question the wisdom of prolonging combat.

Willbanks also maintains that the Communists laid siege to a Marine combat base two weeks prior to the Tet Offensive-known as the Battle of Khe Sanh& mdash;to distract the United States. It is his belief that these two events are intimately linked, and in his concise and compelling history, he presents an engaging portrait of the conflicts and singles out key problems of interpretation.

Willbanks divides his study into six sections, beginning with a historical overview of the events leading up to the offensive, the attack itself, and the consequent battles of Saigon, Hue, and Khe Sahn. He continues with a critical assessment of the main themes and issues surrounding the offensive, and concludes with excerpts from American and Vietnamese documents, maps and chronologies, an annotated list of resources, and a short encyclopedia of key people, places, and events.

An experienced military historian and scholar of the Vietnam War, Willbanks has written a unique critical reference and guide that enlarges the debate surrounding this important turning point in America's longest war.

 

 

 

 

 

The Battle Of An Loc (Twentieth-Century Battles) (Hardcover) ~ James H. Willbanks (Author)

Machine Guns: An Illustrated History of Their Impact (Weapons and Warfare) (Hardcover) ~ James H. Willbanks (Author)

Abandoning Vietnam: How America Left and South Vietnam Lost Its War (Hardcover) ~ James H. Willbanks (Author)

The Vietnam War (The International Library of Essays on Military History) (Hardcover) ~ James H. Willbanks (Author)

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